Q: Do men who smoke face fertility issues?

A: It has direct consequence. Male smokers will produce less number of sperm than a non-smoker by 15%. Smoking will also affect the shape and mobility of the sperm. In some cases cause abnormalities to the amount and density of semen as well.

Q: What are the causes of infertility in men?

A: Male reproductive system abnormalities such as 1. The testis’ ability to produce sperm cells 2. Sperm abnormalities such as the number, shape, and mobility 3. The semen abnormalities such as the low of high density 4. Abnormalities caused by diseases or accidents 5. The sperm duct or Vas Deferens is clogged from birth or vasectomy which is a surgical procedure for male sterilization or permanent contraception. 6. Situations where semen cannot enter the vagina, such as erectile dysfunction, premature, delayed or retrograde ejaculation 7. Stress, Alcohol consumption, and smoking.

Q: What medicines can I take when I’m pregnant?

A: Taking any form of medication should be supervised by a specialist or your doctor only. Do not buy your own medicine.

Q: What is a Blighted ovum?

A: Blighted ovum or anembryonic pregnancy is when a fertilized egg attaches itself to the uterine wall, but the embryo does not develop. Cells develop to form the pregnancy sac, but not the embryo itself. This will usually cause a woman’s body to naturally have a miscarriage or a uterine curettage may be suggested.

Q: What are the risks of miscarriages from an amniotic fluid test and after which circumstance to use the test?

A: The risk of miscarriages is 0.5%. It is recommended for 1. Geriatric pregnancy 2. Women with miscarriages history without cause 3. Women with a family background of children with genetic and/or chromosome disorders.